Congenital dolichosigma usually does not manifest itself in any way, but if a child suffers from frequent constipation, then it is the anomaly of the sigmoid colon that is considered one of the likely causes of the disease. The acquired form of abbreviation for acid blockers is usually diagnosed after 45 years of age; with age, the risk of developing pathology increases.

Compensated form. At this stage of the development of the disease, the person’s condition is considered normal, as is his well-being. Rarely, constipation can last from 3 to 5 days and is accompanied by discomfort in the lower abdomen. Patients cannot empty their bowels on their own and are forced to take laxatives. Subcompensated form. With this form of dolichosigma, constipation becomes chronic, as does the accompanying pain. Laxatives lose their effectiveness. Decompensated form. The last and most dangerous stage of dolichosigma as a disease. The duration of constipation can exceed a week, abdominal pain becomes severe, symptoms of intestinal obstruction appear, intoxication develops, appetite disappears, nausea and vomiting appear.

In medicine, dolichosigma is usually divided into three forms, which can also be considered stages of development of medicine used for acidity. Important. these forms can change from one to another.

  • The disease can acquire a decompensated form and lead to dangerous consequences.
  • If you have one or more symptoms of dolichosigma, then you should immediately contact a gastroenterologist.
  • In most cases, the developmental anomaly is asymptomatic; most often, no manifestations of dolichosigma are observed in patients.
  • But with development, anomalies of the sigmoid colon can be observed.
  • The main and main symptom of any form of dolichosigma.
  • Long-term (about a week) constipation develops in both children and adult patients.
  • Constipation may be accompanied by blood in the stool, which occurs due to damage to the walls of the rectum by feces.
  • Excessive formation of gases is also a companion of dolichosigma.

Flatulence is accompanied by bloating. Pain in the left iliac or periumbilical region, which weakens or completely disappears after bowel movement.

Decreased appetite and weakness. Caused by general intoxication of the body. Skin rashes. They are also a consequence of intoxication. Dolichosigma is often diagnosed together with other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. pancreatitis, colitis, gastroduodenitis, dysbacteriosis. Long-term constipation caused by dolichosigma also leads to the appearance of hemorrhoids.

Dolichosigma is a developmental anomaly of one of the sections of the large intestine - the sigmoid colon - it becomes longer than normal.

  • The thickness of the intestinal wall and the diameter of its lumen are not affected by changes.
  • Morphological changes also occur in the sigmoid region of the intestine.
  • normal tissue is replaced by connective tissue, muscle fibers grow excessively, intestinal walls become saturated with tissue fluid, and innervation is disrupted.

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Dolichosigma provokes such symptoms. disorder of intestinal motility and, as a consequence, impaired evacuation of feces. Causes of dolichosigma. As a rule, pathology is detected in early childhood. It is innate. The main cause of dolichosigma in a child is the pathological course of pregnancy. exposure to negative factors on the fetus (especiallyin the first months) - environmental, mechanical or chemical, infectious diseases of the expectant mother, etc.

Less commonly, dolichosigma can be acquired. The reason is symptoms of indigestion associated with prolonged fermentation and putrefaction in the intestines. As a rule, this occurs in people who have reached 45–50 years of age and prefer a sedentary lifestyle (sedentary), in whose diet there is a lot of meat and unhealthy food. Symptoms of common medications that cause nausea of dolichosigma are the same in both adults and children. The degree of their severity directly depends on what form of the disease a person has. In some clinical situations, symptoms may be so minor that a person does not even pay attention to them. Usually, in this case, dolichosigma is diagnosed during an examination for a completely different reason.

If pathology develops in a child, he becomes capricious, lethargic, constantly cries, and refuses to eat. Examination of a child and an adult suffering from dolichosigma reveals underweight, retarded physical development, and pale skin. Palpation of the abdominal cavity reveals intestinal loops filled with feces. A digital rectal examination reveals an empty rectum, even if the child has not had stool for a long time.

WHS Greene